Confucius or Kongfuzi

Confucius or Kongfuzi (known as “Master Kong”) is a Chinese philosopher of the 6th century BC and the founder of Confucianism.

This legendary historical figure from ancient China lived under the declining dynasty of the Zhous, whose legitimacy would have come from the gods through the “heavenly mandate”.

Concerned about moral values ​​as well as law and order in society, Confucius traveled throughout China and taught much of his life. After his death, his ideas were collected by his followers (also called “the 12 philosophers”), and profoundly influenced all Chinese civilization, but also Japan, Korea, Indonesia, Malaysia and Viet-Nam.

His reflections were compiled by his disciples in the Analects (“Conversations”) in the form of philosophical anecdotes forming a “manual of good leaders.”

Confucianism (or “scholarly school”) was established as a state doctrine by the Han Dynasty in the 2nd century BC and remained so until the founding of the Republic of China in 1911.

The key values ​​of his doctrine are: respect for the old and the traditions, loyalty, benevolence, modesty and humility.

The Yin Yang symbol

the yin yang symbol
Yin Yang is one of the fundamental symbols of China philosophy

Yin and Yang is one of the fundamental symbols of Chinese philosophy.

It refers to the two opposed and complementary principles that characterize the world, for example: good and evil, shadow and light, visible and invisible, material and spiritual, oneself and others …

This duality guarantees the harmony and balance of the universe.

The Yin as a part of Yang and the Yang as a part of Yin as well , they are inseparable.

The Yin is the black part of the symbol and represents the feminine, the night, the moon, the cold, the rest, the immobility and the unconscious.

The Yang, the white part of the symbol and represents the masculine, the energy, the day, the sun, the summer, the warmth, the mobility, the conscious.

Arasia-Shop offers a selection of yin yang products: hangings, rings, incense doors, necklaces … Take a look here

To go further: The五行 Wǔ Xíng or the Five elements